The word modern may range in definition from a cold, stark black metallic home in the heart of a hip urban neighborhood to a fresh, uncluttered take on Mid-Century modern or a vintage agricultural aesthetic. After all, modern is often a personal judgment, but there are some qualities that define modern interior design. These qualities often show up in a home’s decor and, oftentimes, in a home’s kitchen.
There are two main principles behind modern interior design, and they are functionality and form. Functionality is determined by a home’s function – for instance, the kitchen has to be both safe and efficient. Thus, the lighting needs to be functional as well as aesthetically pleasing. Form is influenced by certain design details, such as flooring, furniture, window treatments and wall coverings, which all combine to create a unified theme.
There are four main modern elements; lines and shapes, material, colors and textures. These are not the only elements, of course, but these are the key elements that define modern. Lines and shapes are the basis of modern, and its basis is material, specifically metals and glass. Thus, the walls, ceilings, and windows are all designed to be complementary to each other and to the underlying metal or glass trim. Materials like concrete, wood, steel, vinyl and aluminum are often used to provide support for the lines and shapes.
Colors, too, play a big role in modern interior design. Because the walls and floors are painted, the dominant color is usually white, although this is not always the case. Neutral colors, which include light and airy shades, are preferred, as they help to balance the harshness of colors. Examples of neutral colors are white, beige, yellow, gray and off-white.
Modern Interior Design
Texture can be considered to be a major component of modern interior design. In this type of design, the patterns and textures are integrated seamlessly to create a coherent and unique theme. The paint has almost no impact on the theme, as it is applied to give a consistent color palette. Thus, textures such as metal, glass and stone are combined to create a one-of-a-kind effect. The use of unpainted wood, for example, adds a touch of natural elegance to the contemporary design style.
Another modern interior design concept is simplicity. As the name suggests, simplicity focuses on the aesthetics and does not have any influence on the functionality of the space. In traditional design, objects, including spaces and surfaces, are very complex and are designed to be functional. In contrast, the minimalist style promotes a feeling of openness and energy in spaces, which is achieved by using very sharp lines and solid color palettes. Straight lines and materials that are simple in their form and structure are more appealing to the eye and have a calming effect. For instance, if you see a room decorated in traditional design, you will notice how busy the furniture is and how heavy the furnishings appear to be.
When considering modern interior design ideas, it is important to remember that the overall effect is to minimize clutter and emphasize spaciousness. The use of simple geometric shapes and solid color palettes is an important element of this style. Although the flat, clean lines and lack of ornamentation gives modernism an unpretentious look, it also creates the illusion of spaciousness. Thus, it is important to incorporate clean lines with plenty of texture and detail, such as in texture with sharp or smooth edges and in contrasting colors such as reds, yellows and blues.
As mentioned above, both these modern interior design styles rely on light, adding another dimension to their appeal. A combination of dark wood with metals such as iron or metal is typical for rooms that are focused on providing a rich, glowing atmosphere. However, there is a growing trend toward using lighter colors, such as pastels, in rooms that are meant to seem less formal. This allows more space to be used and adds a pleasing ambiance.